The establishment of the Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women (SRVAW) mandate and the appointment of an incumbent in 1994 was part of a series of developments that finally accorded explicit recognition to violence against women (VAW) as a human rights concern within the United Nations. Thirteen years after the coming to force of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) - the "Women's International Bill of Rights" - the expert committee monitoring the convention adopted general Recommendation 19 in 1992, thus filling a major gap in the convention. In 1993, at the Vienna Conference, the international community officially recognized VAW as a human rights violation, and the same year the General Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (DEVAW). These developments set the stage for the creation of a special mechanism to monitor VAW worldwide.
Added: February 5, 2015